Original Research

Disability, gender, and employment relationships in Africa: The case of Ghana

Augustina Naami
African Journal of Disability | Vol 4, No 1 | a95 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v4i1.95 | © 2015 Augustina Naami | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 October 2013 | Published: 03 June 2015

About the author(s)

Augustina Naami, Department of Social Work, College of Behavioral Sciences, University of Northern Iowa, United States


The exploratory quantitative study sought to develop an understanding about the relationships among disability, gender and employment in Northern Ghana. A total of 110 individuals with disabilities (20–60 years) from various disability groups participated in the study. The results indicate that many persons with disabilities are unemployed, the majority being women. Discrimination is cited as the greatest barrier to the employment of persons with disabilities, particularly women. The majority of persons with disabilities, typically women, live in poverty; given that some are unemployed and those who are employed worked mostly in marginal, seasonal and menial jobs. Persons with disabilities also experience several challenges on the job, including negative perceptions about their capabilities, discrimination and exclusion, irrespective of the employment sector and disability type. Educational interventions such as workshops, documenting and showcasing success stories of persons with disabilities could be helpful to reduce negative perceptions about their capabilities as well as discrimination against them. Government intervention to support persons with disabilities with start-up capital and funding for formal education is also recommended as these two elements were identified respectively as barriers to self-employment and employment in the public/private sectors. Government interventions to create educational opportunities for persons with disabilities are essential given that lower educational attainment affect their employment.


No related keywords in the metadata.


Total abstract views: 6836
Total article views: 43427


Crossref Citations

1. Access to Higher Education in Ghana: Examining Experiences through the Lens of Students with Mobility Disabilities
Alisha M. B. Braun, Augustina Naami
International Journal of Disability, Development and Education  vol: 68  issue: 1  first page: 95  year: 2021  
doi: 10.1080/1034912X.2019.1651833