Original Research

Structural validity and internal consistency of Picture My Participation: A measure for children with disability

Patrik Arvidsson, Shakila Dada, Mats Granlund, Christine Imms, Lin Jun Shi, Lin Ju Kang, Ai-Wen Hwang, Karina Huus
African Journal of Disability | Vol 10 | a763 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v10i0.763 | © 2021 Patrik Arvidsson, Shakila Dada, Mats Granlund, Christine Imms, Lin Jun Shi, Lin Ju Kang, Ai-Wen Hwang, Karina Huus | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 31 May 2020 | Published: 28 May 2021

About the author(s)

Patrik Arvidsson, Children, Health, Intervention, Learning and Development (CHILD), Faculty of Health Science, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden; and, Swedish Institute for Disability Research, School of Health and Welfare, Faculty of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden; and, Centre for Research & Development, Uppsala University, Gävleborg, Sweden
Shakila Dada, Centre for Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Faculty of Humanities, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
Mats Granlund, Children, Health, Intervention, Learning and Development (CHILD), Faculty of Health Science, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden; and, Swedish Institute for Disability Research, School of Health and Welfare, Faculty of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden
Christine Imms, Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medical, Dental and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Lin Jun Shi, Children, Health, Intervention, Learning and Development (CHILD), Faculty of Health Science, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden; and, Swedish Institute for Disability Research, School of Health and Welfare, Faculty of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden; and, School of Nursing, Tianjin Medical University, Heping District, China
Lin Ju Kang, Graduate Institute of Early Intervention, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan; and, The Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan
Ai-Wen Hwang, Graduate Institute of Early Intervention, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan; and, The Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan
Karina Huus, Children, Health, Intervention, Learning and Development (CHILD), Faculty of Health Science, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden; and, Swedish Institute for Disability Research, School of Health and Welfare, Faculty of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden


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Abstract

Background: Picture My Participation (PMP) intended to measure participation, defined as attendance and involvement in everyday situations, of children with disabilities, particularly in low- and middle-income settings.

Objectives: To explore structural validity of PMP by identifying possible subcomponents in the attendance scale and examining internal consistency of the total score and each subcomponent.

Method: A picture-supported interview was conducted with 182 children, 7–18 years, with and without intellectual disability (ID). Frequency of attendance in 20 activities was rated on a four-point Likert scale (never, seldom, sometimes and always).

Results: An exploratory principal component analysis extracted four subcomponents: (1) organised activities, (2) social activities and taking care of others, (3) family life activities and 4) personal care and development activities. Internal consistency for the total scale (alpha = 0.85) and the first two subcomponents (alpha = 0.72 and 0.75) was acceptable. The two last subcomponents alpha values were 0.57 and 0.49.

Conclusion: The four possible subcomponents of PMP can be used to provide information about possible domains in which participation and participation restrictions exist. This study provided further psychometric evidence about PMP as a measure of participation. The stability and the utility of these subcomponents needed further exploration.


Keywords

low- and middle-income countries; everyday functioning; picture supported Interview; cognitive support; self-ratings

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