Original Research

Barriers experienced by people with disabilities participating in income-generating activities. A case of a sheltered workshop in Bloemfontein, South Africa

Nokuthula Tinta, Hester Steyn, Jana Vermaas
African Journal of Disability | Vol 9 | a662 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v9i0.662 | © 2020 Nokuthula Tinta, Hester Steyn, Jana Vermaas | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 July 2019 | Published: 31 August 2020

About the author(s)

Nokuthula Tinta, Department of Consumer Science, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Hester Steyn, Department of Consumer Science, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Jana Vermaas, Department of Consumer Science, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: People with disabilities often participate in income-generating activities (IGAs) in sheltered workshop in South Africa. However, they face many barriers that limit their ability to participate effectively in economic activities hosted by the workshops.

Objectives: To illustrate the barriers that limit the participation of people with disabilities in IGAs in a sheltered workshop.

Method: A qualitative exploratory single case study was conducted in a sheltered workshop. Eighteen participants, age 22 to 52 years with various disabilities were purposively sampled. Observations and semi-structured interview guides were used to generate data. Verbatim transcription was used after which content analysis was applied to identify ideas and concepts relating to barriers experienced by people with disabilities participating in IGAs.

Results: Some of the barriers participants experienced included institutional barriers (ability to use working tools, inability to concentrate for long periods, lack of funds, language barriers, lack of motivation, activities that are not stimulating and lack of artistry skills) and attitudinal barriers (exclusion from decision making) These barriers had an adverse influence on their performance in IGAs.

Conclusion: The study found eight different barriers that existed in a sheltered workshop which limited the participation of the people with disabilities that attended the workshop. This information can be used to develop strategies to address each barrier and promote increased participation of the individual thereby improving their quality of life.


Keywords

people with disabilities; barriers; income generating activities; sheltered workshop; participation

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