Original Research

Knowledge and use of contraceptive methods amongst deaf people in Ghana

Wisdom K. Mprah
African Journal of Disability | Vol 2, No 1 | a43 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v2i1.43 | © 2013 Wisdom K. Mprah | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 August 2012 | Published: 27 August 2013


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Abstract

Background: Persons with disabilities in general face serious barriers to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information and services due to institutional and attitudinal barriers. However, because deaf people have unique communication and linguistic needs, which are often misunderstood or ignored, they face greater barriers than other persons with disabilities. Whilst available data indicated that there is a wide gap between knowledge and usage of contraceptive amongst Ghanaians, little is known about the level of contraceptive knowledge and usage amongst deaf people.

Objectives: The objective of the study was to investigate the level of knowledge and use of contraceptive methods amongst deaf people in Ghana with the aim of understanding their contraceptive behaviour and to improve access.

Method: The study was a participatory SRH needs assessment utilising a two-phase, sequential, mixed methods design. The study included 179 participants, consisting of focus groups with seven executives of Ghana National Association of the Deaf (GNAD), 10 male deaf adults, and 9 deaf female adults. A total of 152 deaf people, made up of students, women, and men participated in a survey, whilst one hearing person served as a key informant.

Results: The findings of the study indicated that of the 13 methods shown in the survey, only three were known to about 70% of the adults and 60% of the students. Level of knowledge of the remaining nine methods was low.

Conclusion: Clear and effective policies are needed to guide the provision of SRH information and services for deaf people in Ghana.


Keywords

Knowledge; deaf people; Ghana; reproductive health; sexual health

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Crossref Citations

1. The accessibility of health services to young deaf adolescents in Ghana
Ebenezer Alfa Senayah, Wisdom Kwadwo Mprah, Maxwell Peprah Opoku, Anthony Kweku Edusei, Eric Lawer Torgbenu
The International Journal of Health Planning and Management  year: 2018  
doi: 10.1002/hpm.2679