Original Research

Perceived control, academic performance and well-being of Ghanaian college students with disability

Frances E. Owusu-Ansah, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Anthony Edusei
African Journal of Disability | Vol 1, No 1 | a34 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v1i1.34 | © 2012 Frances E. Owusu-Ansah, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Anthony Edusei | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 May 2012 | Published: 16 October 2012

About the author(s)

Frances E. Owusu-Ansah, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana
Peter Agyei-Baffour, Department of Community Health, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana
Anthony Edusei, Department of Community Health, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana


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Abstract

Background: Empirical evidence abounds showing the impact of perceived control on subjective well-being in several spheres of functioning, including academic performance. At tertiary institutions, such as the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana, little is known about the needs of students with disabilities, as very few persons with disabilities attend institutions of higher learning.

Objectives: This study examined the relationship between perceptions of control and the academic and subjective well-being of students with disabilities.

Method: A total of 69 students with disabilities participated in this cross-sectional descriptive study. Using trusted control and subjective well-being scales, data were subject to descriptive analyses.

Results: Consistent with previous works, perceived control increased with increased subjective well-being, moderated by gender. In addition, forms of secondary control appeared to aid primary control in the tenacious pursuit of goals. However, neither perceived control nor self-esteem was predictive of academic performance.

Conclusion: Limitations of sample size notwithstanding, the findings of the study can be considered provocative. Implications for clinical utility in facilitating context-specific interventions for this marginalised group are discussed. Replication with a larger sample size in other tertiary institutions is suggested for future work.


Keywords

perceptions of control; subjective wellbeing; students with disability; academic performance; KNUST

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