Original Research

Perceptions of health professionals on structure and process of stroke rehabilitation in Ghana

Tawagidu Mohammed, Gifty G. Nyante, Joyce D. Mothabeng
African Journal of Disability | Vol 12 | a1116 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v12i0.1116 | © 2023 Tawagidu Mohammed, Gifty G. Nyante, Joyce D. Mothabeng | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 21 July 2022 | Published: 03 April 2023

About the author(s)

Tawagidu Mohammed, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Healthcare Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa; and Department of Physiotherapy, School of Biomedical and Allied Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
Gifty G. Nyante, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Biomedical and Allied Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
Joyce D. Mothabeng, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Healthcare Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

Abstract

Background: Ensuring quality in the structure and process of stroke rehabilitation helps to attain a good outcome. However, knowledge on this is limited in resource-constrained settings such as Ghana.

Objectives: This study aimed to explore healthcare professionals’ (HCPs) views and experiences of the structure and process of stroke rehabilitation in three selected hospitals in Ghana.

Method: A qualitative study was carried out involving 26 HCPs directly involved in stroke rehabilitation from three selected hospitals in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana representing the different levels of healthcare. Interviews were conducted using an interview guide to understand participants’ views and experiences of the structure and process of stroke rehabilitation. Interview transcripts were analysed using thematic analysis.

Results: HCPs reported limitations with the structure of stroke rehabilitation with regards to the availability of rehabilitation units, bed capacity, approach to care, availability of protocol, staff capacity development and payment systems. With respect to the process of rehabilitation, the primary and secondary level hospitals were found not to have computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning equipment. Participants also reported limitations with discharge planning, basis for discharge and post-discharge care across all three hospitals.

Conclusion: This study found limitations in the current structure and process of stroke rehabilitation, which when given some considerations for improvement, can help improve the quality of care and thereby improve the outcome of stroke patients in Ghana.

Contribution: This study provided data which helps to assess the quality of stroke rehabilitation in Ghana.


Keywords

stroke; stroke rehabilitation; structure; process; healthcare professionals; Ghana.

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 3: Good health and well-being

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