Original Research

Guidelines for leadership development of youth with physical disabilities through leisure education: A Delphi study

Makhaya J. Malema, Luzaan Africa, Linda Caldwell, Marie Young, Lisa Wegner
African Journal of Disability | Vol 11 | a1073 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v11i0.1073 | © 2022 Makhaya J. Malema, Luzaan Africa, Linda Caldwell, Marie Young, Lisa Wegner | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 May 2022 | Published: 04 November 2022

About the author(s)

Makhaya J. Malema, Department of Sports, Recreation and Exercise Science, Faculty of Community and Health Sciences, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa
Luzaan Africa, Interprofessional Education Unit, Faculty of Community and Health Sciences, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa
Linda Caldwell, Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Management, The Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania, United States
Marie Young, Department of Sports, Recreation and Exercise Science, Faculty of Community and Health Sciences, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa
Lisa Wegner, Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Community and Health Sciences, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa


Share this article

Bookmark and Share

Abstract

Background: Youth with disabilities benefit by developing a skill set to help resolve any issues during their daily activities, including pursuits that lead to productive livelihoods. Acquiring leadership skills through leisure education programmes may be particularly effective for youth with disabilities to gain confidence in their leadership abilities.

Objectives: This study aimed to develop and reach a convergence of opinions on the preferred elements of a leisure education programme to promote leadership development among youth with physical disabilities.

Method: In this study, a three-round Delphi methodology was used. In the first round, 16 experts participated; in the second round, 14 experts participated; in the third round, nine participated. The first round of the Delphi method consisted of a qualitative questionnaire with open-ended questions, which assisted in developing guideline statements. The results from the first round informed the second and third rounds of the study. The guidelines were reviewed for consensus in subsequent rounds using a Likert scale format.

Results: In the final round (third round) of the Delphi method, the expert panel consisting of nine participants agreed that leadership development for youth with physical disabilities could be promoted by leisure, recreation, sports and activities of daily living.

Conclusion: These guidelines are essential in building resilience, empowerment and independence and can be seen as a positive contribution to communities with disabilities and young people with and without disabilities.

Contribution: These guidelines would build capacity and resilience among youth and equip them with the skills and abilities to initiate leisure programmes.


Keywords

leisure education; leadership development; leadership skills; youth development; youth with physical disabilities.

Metrics

Total abstract views: 221
Total article views: 152


Crossref Citations

No related citations found.