Original Research - Special Collection: Wheelchair-related topics for less-resourced environments

Test–retest reliability and construct validity of the Aspects of Wheelchair Mobility Test as a measure of the mobility of wheelchair users

Karen L. Rispin, Kara Huff, Joy Wee
African Journal of Disability | Vol 6 | a331 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v6i0.331 | © 2017 Karen L. Rispin, Kara Huff, Joy Wee | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 21 October 2016 | Published: 08 September 2017

About the author(s)

Karen L. Rispin, Department of Biology, LeTourneau University, United States
Kara Huff, School of Rehabilitation Therapy, LeTourneau University, United States
Joy Wee, School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen’s University, Canada

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Background: The Aspects of Wheelchair Mobility Test (AWMT) was developed for use in a repeated measures format to provide comparative effectiveness data on mobility facilitated by different wheelchair types. It has been used in preliminary studies to compare the mobility of wheelchairs designed for low-resource areas and is intended to be simple and flexible enough so as to be used in low-technology settings. However, to reliably compare the impact of different types of wheelchairs on the mobility of users, a measure must first be a reliable and valid measure of mobility.
Methods: This study investigated the test–retest reliability and concurrent validity for the AWMT 2.0 as a measure of mobility. For reliability testing, participants in a low-resource setting completed the tests twice in their own wheelchairs at least one week apart. For concurrent validity, participants also completed the Wheelchair Skills Test Questionnaire (WST-Q), a related but not identical validated assessment tool.
Results: Concurrent validity was indicated by a significant positive correlation with an r value of 0.7 between the WST-Q capacity score and the AWMT 2.0 score. Test–retest reliability was confirmed by an intraclass correlation coefficient greater than 0.7 between the two trials.
Conclusion: Results support the preliminary reliability and validity of the AWMT 2.0, supporting its effectiveness in comparing the mobility provided by different wheelchair types. This information can be used to enable effective use of limited funds for wheelchair selection at individual and organisational scales.


rehabilitation; wheelchairs; assistive technology; outcomes


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